What is a Borderline Personality Disorder?

What is a Borderline Personality Disorder?

Borderline Personality Disorder

What is a Borderline Personality Disorder?

Borderline Personality Disorder is a mental health issue. It started to appear in adolescence and early adulthood. It is a kind of emotional instability, impulsive behavior, distorted self-image, and unstable relationship.

According to the NCBI  BPD was initially found to occur in approximately 1-4% of the general population (Crawford et al., 2005Coid et al., 2006Lenzenweger et al., 2007), and about 75% were women (Widiger and Weissman, 1991Skodol et al., 2002). But in a recent study by Grant et al. (2008), the lifetime prevalence of BPD in the general population rose up to 6%, although in different countries, it is present with different prevalence rates, so the exact rate is debatable. Hence, the general population between 1.2% and 6% is estimated to meet the diagnostic criteria for BPD, and this cohort comprises approximately 10-15% of individuals using outpatient psychiatric services and approximately 20% of those in inpatient psychiatric care (Levy et al., 2006Crowell et al., 2009). There were still very few reports of BPD from India. This led to a study of a small sample from a very narrow segment of suicide attempters who presented to a charitable hospital in a city. Out of 75 suicide attempters, 13 (8 Males and 5 Females) patients were later found to have BPD.

What cause BPD

There is no accurate answer for this because researches are stills going on. But several genetics  , environmental conditions and serotonin abnormalities.


BPD may be a genetic condition. A study on twins and BPD published in the Journal of Personality Disorders Trusted Source suggests the disorder has a substantial genetic component.

Environmental factors

Being neglected  , growing in the abusive environment and neglected environment may leads to the BPD.

Serotonin Abnormalities

Abnormality in the serotonin hormone can leads to the BPD . Serotonin is the hormone used to regulated mood.

Who is At the risk of BPD

  • The family environment is not good
  • Abused by the people’s
  • Family member with BPD
  • Emotionally unstable as a child

Serotonin Abnormalities

According to the American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), the following criteria are all signs and symptoms of BPD.

  • You frantically try to avoid real or imaginary abandonment.
  • You have a pattern of unstable relationships. You alternate between idealizing and devaluing others in your relationships.
  • You have an unstable self-image or self-identity.
  • You act impulsively in at least two areas of your life in ways that can be self-damaging. For example, you may spend too much money or abuse substances.
  • You have a history of suicidal or self-mutilating behavior.
  • You have frequent mood swings. They usually last for a few hours but may last for a few days or more.
  • You have severe and long-term feelings of emptiness.
  • You have difficulty controlling your anger or you get severely angry without cause. You may feel angry all the time, display your anger frequently, or get in frequent physical fights.
  • You have periods of stress-related paranoia or experience severe dissociation. Dissociation occurs when you feel like your mind is detached from your emotions or body.

You must meet at least five of the official criteria from the DSM to be diagnosed with BPD.

If your doctor thinks you might have BPD, they will probably refer you to a mental health professional. They can make a diagnosis. They will ask you questions and analyze your emotional and behavioral history.

How To Treat BPD

If you feel any such changes in your body immediately refer to the doctor.  Your mental health professional may recommend you one or more treatments for BPD, including psychotherapy, medication, or hospitalization.

If the BPD is not treated in time it can affect your day-to-day life your social life, sexual life, unable to make a relationship, feel that there is no existence of yours, feel emotionless, etc.

I hope this will add value in someone’s life.

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