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What is ADHD, Symptoms, Cause, Treatment, and Diagnosis?

What is ADHD, Symptoms, Cause, Treatment, and Diagnosis?

ADHD, Symptoms, Cause, Treatment, and Diagnosis?

What is ADHD, Symptoms, Cause, Treatment, and Diagnosis?

Do you ever notice that your child behaviour is different from other child ?

Do you ever try to understand what is the reason behind this behaviour ?

Every notice that your child is having problem in paying attention, overly active or impulsive ?

One of the reason for this behaviour is ADHD. Lets learn more about it .

ADHD – According to CDC the Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)  is one of the most common neurodevelopmental disorders of childhood. It is usually first diagnosed in childhood and often lasts into adulthood. Children with ADHD may have trouble paying attention, controlling impulsive behaviors (may act without thinking about what the result will be), or be overly active.

Symptoms

Children with this disorder have attention issues , over implusive behaviours and overly active behaviour . Children with this behaviour have problem connecting with other childrens , have trouble in day to day life.

A child with ADHD might:

  • A child with ADHD day dream a lot . They have there own world.
  • They forget basic things and lost things in regular bases .
  • Child suffer with regular body movements
  • Child with ADH talk to much .
  • make careless mistakes or take unnecessary risks
  • have a hard time resisting temptation
  • have trouble taking turns
  • They also have trust issues and have difficulty getting along with others.

Learn more about signs and symptoms

Types

According to CDC there are three different types of ADHD, depending on which types of symptoms are strongest in the individual:

  • Predominantly Inattentive Presentation: It is hard for the person to do finish or execute the task, they have attention issues , feel hard to follow instructions or conversation . The Person with ADHD get easily distracted and forgets details of daily routine   .
  • Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive Presentation: The person fidgets and talks a lot. It is very hard to sit still for long time  (e.g., for a meal or while doing homework). Smaller children may run, jump or climb constantly and have attention issues they are careless . The individual feels restless and has trouble with impulsivity. Someone who is impulsive may interrupt others a lot, grab things from people, or speak at inappropriate times. It is hard for the person to wait their turn or listen to directions. A person with impulsiveness may have more accidents and injuries than others.
  • Combined Presentation: Symptoms of the above two types are equally present in the person.

Because symptoms can change over time, the presentation may change over time as well.

Causes of ADHD

According to CDC Scientists are studying cause(s) and risk factors in an effort to find better ways to manage and reduce the chances of a person having ADHD. The cause(s) and risk factors for ADHD are unknown, but current research shows that genetics plays an important role. Recent studies of twins link genes with ADHD.1

In addition to genetics, scientists are studying other possible causes and risk factors including:

  • Brain injury
  • Exposure to environmental (e.g., lead) during pregnancy or at a young age
  • Alcohol and tobacco use during pregnancy
  • Premature delivery
  • Low birth weight

Research does not support the popularly held views that ADHD is caused by eating too much sugar, watching too much television, parenting, or social and environmental factors such as poverty or family chaos. Of course, many things, including these, might make symptoms worse, especially in certain people. But the evidence is not strong enough to conclude that they are the main causes of ADHD.

Diagnosis

Deciding if a child has ADHD is a process with several steps. There is no single test to diagnose ADHD, and many other problems, like anxiety, depression, sleep problems, and certain types of learning disabilities, can have similar symptoms. One step of the process involves having a medical exam, including hearing and vision tests, to rule out other problems with symptoms like ADHD. Diagnosing ADHD usually includes a checklist for rating ADHD symptoms and taking a history of the child from parents, teachers, and sometimes, the child.

Learn more about the criteria for diagnosing ADHD

Treatments

In most cases, ADHD is best treated with a combination of behavior therapy and medication. For preschool-aged children (4-5 years of age) with ADHD, behavior therapy, particularly training for parents, is recommended as the first line of treatment before medication is tried. What works best can depend on the child and family. Good treatment plans will include close monitoring, follow-ups, and making changes, if needed, along the way.

Learn more about treatments

Note – All the information is taken from the CDC website .

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